Which inscription tells about Kharavela?
The Hathigumpha Inscription
The Hathigumpha Inscription is the main source of information about the Jain Kalinga ruler Kharavela.
Who Deciphered Hathigumpha Inscription?
The correct answer is Kharvela. The Hathigumpha Inscription at Udayagiri caves is the main source of information about Kalinga ruler Kharavela. It was first discovered by the historian A. Stirling soon after the British conquest of Orissa in the early years of the 19th century.
What is the new name of Kalinga?
The modern name of the Kalinga state conquered by Ashoka is Odisha.
What was the achievement of Kharavela in the first year of his reign?
In the first year of his coronation he repaired the gates and rampants of his capital Kalinganagari which had been damaged by cyclone. In the second year he invaded the territory of the Satavahana king Satakarni I and marching up to the river Krishna stormed the city of Asika.
What was the name of the capital of Kharavela?
So, in the ninth year of his rule, Kharavela built in his capital Kalinganagari the Great Victory Palace or the Mahavijaya Prasada to make his achievement memorable. The Palace was constructed at the cost of thirty-eight hundred thousand coins.
Which inscription tells about Kalinga war?
Rock Edict XIII
Rock Edict XIII or 13 is the major one. The accounts of Kalinga war was depicted in rock edict 13. The Kalinga war made a deep impact on his mind so he went to the path of Dhamma or peace in his later life.
Which emperor of Kalinga was a Jain?
Avakinnayo Karakandu or Karakanda (Odia: ଅଭକିଣ୍ଣୟୋ କରକଣ୍ଡ) was a powerful legendary Jain emperor of Kalinga (Odisha and North Andhra), who is said to have lived in around 9th century BCE.
Who founded Kalinga?
legendary prince Kalinga
According to the legendary epic Mahabharata and some Puranas, the legendary prince Kalinga founded the kingdom of Kalinga, in the current day region of coastal Odisha, including the northeastern coast of modern Andhra Pradesh and parts of neighbouring southwestern Bengal.
Who was defeated by Kharavela?
In the eleventh year of his reign Kharavela defeated the Tamil confederacy which was in existence thirteen hundred years before his time. In the twelfth year he invaded northern India for the third time and advanced as far as Uttarapatha, “north-western part of India”.
What is the achievement of Kharavela?
Kharavela pursued the Indo-Greeks and purged them out of Mathura which was an important seat of Jain religion and culture. In commemoration of this achievement he built a victory palace in Kalinga at a cost of thirty-eight hundred thousand penas during the ninth year of his reign.
Why Odisha is called Kalinga?
Somavamshi or Keshari dynasty They ruled the Dakshina Kosala region claiming the title Kosalendra (“lord of Kosala”), following which they conquered the Kalinga and the Utkala regions in present-day Odisha, succeeding the Bhauma-Karas. Thus they called themselves the lord of Kalinga, Kosala, and Utkala.
Which inscription throws light on Kalinga?
The Rock edict XIII throws light on the Kalinga War conquered by Ashoka. Major Rock edict 13 mentions the powerful victory over Kalinga.
Who converted Ashoka to Buddhism after Kalinga?
Ashoka’s 13th Rock Edict describes the Kalinga war vividly. In about 263 BC Ashoka converted to Buddhism. Moggaliputta Tissa, a Buddhist monk, became his mentor. Under Ashoka reign, the Third Council of Buddhism organized in Pataliputra under the presidency of Moggaliputta Tissa.
Who is Kalinga king?
Srutayudha, the king of the Kalinga joined the camp of the Kourava in the battle and was killed in the battle by Bhimasena with his two heroic sons: Bhanumana and Ketumana.
Who was defeated by Kharavela in his?
What is Kalinga caste?
Kalingi (also spelt as Kalinga & Kalinji) is a caste residing in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. They are found mainly in Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Vishakapatnam, and are also found on the borderland between the districts of Ganjam and Visakhapatnam. They are an endogamous population.
What is the history of Kharavela?
Kharavela (also transliterated Khārabēḷa) was a Yadava king of Kalinga in present-day Odisha, India, who ruled during the second or first century BCE. The primary source for Kharavela is his rock-cut Hathigumpha inscription.
How did Kalinga rise to power?
Kalinga rose to power in the middle of the first century B.C. under the king Kharavela. Much of the information about Kharavela’s rule and his military conquests is available from a lengthy, though somewhat damaged inscription at Hathigumpha – the elephant’s cave in the Udayagiri hill in Orissa.
How did Kharavela confirm the fame of Kalinga?
Firstly, Kharavela confirmed the fame of Kalinga in the political annals of ancient India. Though the name of Kalinga had appeared prominently in the great epic Mahabharata, and in the Buddhist and Jaina literature, the first historic proof of Kalinga’s greatness was established by the Kalinga War of Asoka.
Was king Kharavela a Jain?
Although it exaggerates his achievements, historians agree that Kharavela was one of Kalinga’s strongest rulers. He is believed to have been a follower of Jainism, although the Hathigumpha inscription describes him as a devotee of all religions.