What is the background of Bengali Language Movement in 1952?

What is the background of Bengali Language Movement in 1952?

The Bengali language movement (Bengali: ভাষা আন্দোলন, Bhasha Andolôn) was a political movement in former East Bengal (renamed East Pakistan in 1952) advocating the recognition of the Bengali language as an official language of the then-Dominion of Pakistan in order to allow its use in government affairs, the …

Who died in 1952 Language Movement?

We all read the history of the Bangla Language Movement of 1952 in our textbooks. As a child I learned that Shaheed (martyred) Salam, Jabbar, Shafiur and many other people were martyred during the Feb 21 protest. But one thing is unclear – how many people were killed? Indeed, it is unclear.

Who is the first martyr of Language Movement?

Rafiq Uddin Ahmed
Rafiq Uddin Ahmed (Bengali: রফিক উদ্দিন আহমদ) (30 October 1926 – 21 February 1952) was a protester killed during the Bengali Language Movement that took place in East Pakistan (currently Bangladesh) in 1952. He is considered a martyr in Bangladesh.

Who were killed in the procession on 21 February 1952?

Those killed on Feb 21 were identified as Rafiquddin Ahmad, Abul Barkat, Abdul Jabbar, Abdus Salam, Shafiqur Rahman, Abdul Awal, Ahualullah and an unidentified boy. But only five people were officially recognised as Language Martyrs – Abul Barkat, Abdul Jabbar, Rafiquddin Ahmad, Abdus Salam and Shafiur Rahman.

What is the significance of 21st February 1952?

On 21 February 1952, police opened fire on rallies. Abdus Salam, Abul Barkat, Rafiq Uddin Ahmed, Abdul Jabbar and Shafiur Rahman died, with hundreds of others injured. This was a rare incident in history, where people sacrificed their lives for their mother tongue.

When was Bengali language invented?

10th century ce
The Bengali linguists Suniti Kumar Chatterji and Sukumar Sen suggested that Bengali had its origin in the 10th century ce, deriving from Magahi Prakrit (a spoken language) through Magahi Apabhramsha (its written counterpart).

How many people died in Bangladesh language war?

During the nine-month-long Bangladesh Liberation War, members of the Pakistan Armed Forces and supporting pro-Pakistani Islamist militias from Jamaat-e-Islami killed between 300,000 and 3,000,000 people and raped between 200,000 and 400,000 Bengali women, in a systematic campaign of genocidal rape.

Who was the martyrs of 1952?

Salam, Barkat, Rafiq, Jabbar and a few other brave sons of the soil were killed in police firings on this day in 1952 when students came out in a procession from the Dhaka University campus breaching section 144 to press home their demand for the recognition of Bangla as a state language of then Pakistan.

How are the martyrs of the Language Movement remembered?

After the president, prime minister, political parties and dignitaries, people were allowed to place flowers at the Shaheed Minar. The leaders of the Jatiya Party, the main opposition in parliament, paid tributes to the martyrs in the early hours. The BNP said it would place a wreath on Monday morning.

Why 21st February is called martyrs day?

This major public holiday in Bangladesh is always celebrated on February 21st. Known as Shaheed Day, ‘Ekushe’ (21st), Language Movement Day, Martyrs’ Day and ‘Shôhid Dibôs’ in Bengali, this day commemorates those who lost their lives in the struggle for the Bengali language in 1952.

What was the Bengali date of 21st February 1952?

On 21 February 1952, corresponding to 8 Falgun 1359 in the Bangla calendar, a number of students campaigning for the recognition of Bangla as one of the state languages of pakistan were killed when police fired upon them.

Who are called language martyrs?

Five people were recognised officially as ‘Language Martyrs’ – Abul Barkat, Abdul Jabbar, Rafiquddin Ahmad, Abdus Salam and Shafiur Rahman.

What happened on 21st February in Bengal?

A Brief History of the Language Movement of the 21st February, 1952. This day is commemorated for the martyrs of the language movement on 21st February 1952. After the movement, Bangla got the honor of being the state language of the former East Pakistan, the current Bangladesh.

What is the history of Bengali language?

History Bangla emerged as a new Indo-Aryan language by 900-1000 AD through Magadhi apabhramsh and abahattha, two stages of Magadhi prakrit (600 BC – 600 AD), along with two other Indo-Aryan languages, Oriya and Assamese. Until the 14th century, there was little linguistic difference between Bangla and Assamese.

What is the importance of Bengali language?

Dating back to the 12th century BCE, Bengali as a distinct language shares some connections to Sanskrit. Today it is the primary language spoken in Bangladesh as well as the second most spoken language in India, with the highest concentration of speakers in the West Bengal province.

How many soldiers were killed in 1971 war?

It was finally reduced on 11 December 1971. The corps also captured enemy strongholds of Rangpur and Bogra on the 16th. During the war it inflicted heavy casualties on the enemy and captured some seventeen thousand of its troops. It suffered 471 killed and 1450 wounded in the war.

What was the Bangla date of 21 February 1952?

International Mother Language Day
Shaheed Minar (Martyr Monument) commemorates the 21 February 1952 Bengali Language Movement demonstration.
Official name International Mother Language Day (IMLD)
Observed by Worldwide
Significance Promotes the preservation and protection of all languages

Why did the martyrs sacrifice their lives in 1952?

COAST observes the International Mother Language Day today in its working areas to pay the profound honor to the Martyrs of 1952 who sacrificed their lives to bring back Bangla as the Mother Language of Bangladesh.

Why is 21 February a national holiday?

21 February was declared to be the International Mother Language Day by UNESCO in 1999. It has been observed throughout the world since 21 February 2000. The declaration came up in tribute to the Language Movement done by the Bangladeshis (then the East Pakistanis).