What is DCM phenotype?
The DCM phenotype is mainly characterized by left ventricular dilatation and contractile dysfunction in the absence of hypertensive, valvular, congenital heart disease or significant coronary artery disease (CAD) 2.
What is DCM medical?
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is the most common type, occurring mostly in adults younger than 50. It affects the heart’s ventricles and atria, the lower and upper chambers of the heart. Frequently, the disease starts in the left ventricle, the heart’s main pumping chamber.
How many cases of dilated cardiomyopathy are there?
This condition is among the most common causes of heart failure. The incidence of dilated cardiomyopathy discovered at autopsy is estimated to be 4.5 cases per 100,000 population per year, whereas the clinical incidence is 2.45 cases per 100,000 population per year.
Can DCM be cured?
There is no cure for DCM but most of the symptoms can be controlled by medication and other treatments to help you live your normal life. The type of medication or treatment you might have will depend on: your symptoms. if the cause of your DCM is known.
How is DCM diagnosed?
Echocardiogram. This is the main test for diagnosing dilated cardiomyopathy. Sound waves produce images of the heart in motion. An echocardiogram shows how blood moves in and out of the heart and heart valves.
Is DCM treatable?
Some types of DCM are reversible. Symptoms may improve with treatment. Other types of DCM are irreversible, and the damage is permanent.
How long can you live with 40 heart function?
Patients with an ejection fraction of under 40% may be at greater risk of dying from CHF. However, a 2017 study reported that 5-year life expectancy was poor among all patients admitted to hospital with heart failure regardless of ejection fraction, and estimated 5-year mortality to be 75.4%.
What does 40 percent heart function mean?
40 to 55% – Below normal heart function. Can indicate previous heart damage from heart attack or cardiomyopathy. Higher than 75% – Can indicate a heart condition like hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a common cause of sudden cardiac arrest. Less than 40% – May confirm the diagnosis of heart failure.
How long can I live with dilated cardiomyopathy?
Clinically, DCM is characterized by a progressive course of ventricular dilatation and systolic dysfunction. The life expectancy is limited and varies according to the underlying etiology with a median survival time of about 5 years after diagnosis.
How is DCM treated?
Treatment of dilated cardiomyopathy depends on the causes. The goals of treatment are to reduce symptoms, improve blood flow and prevent further heart damage. Dilated cardiomyopathy treatment may include medications or surgery to implant a medical device that helps the heart beat or pump blood.