Who were the Calvinist Puritans?
The Puritans were strict Calvinists, or followers of the reformer John Calvin. Calvin taught that God was all-powerful and completely sovereign. Human beings were depraved sinners. God had chosen a few people, “the elect,” for salvation.
Did Puritans sing in church?
Puritans eliminated choral music and musical instruments in their religious services because these were associated with Roman Catholicism; however, singing the Psalms was considered appropriate (see Exclusive psalmody).
What did the Puritans call their religion?
The Puritans were members of a religious reform movement known as Puritanism that arose within the Church of England in the late 16th century. They believed the Church of England was too similar to the Roman Catholic Church and should eliminate ceremonies and practices not rooted in the Bible.
What did the Puritans believe on?
Puritans believed that it was necessary to be in a covenant relationship with God in order to be redeemed from one’s sinful condition, that God had chosen to reveal salvation through preaching, and that the Holy Spirit was the energizing instrument of salvation.
What are the two types of Puritans?
Although the word is often applied loosely, “Puritan” refers to two distinct groups: “separating” Puritans, such as the Plymouth colonists, who believed that the Church of England was corrupt and that true Christians must separate themselves from it; and non-separating Puritans, such as the colonists who settled the …
Was John Calvin a Puritan?
Legacy. Calvin’s influence has persisted not only in the Reformed churches of France, Germany, Scotland, the Netherlands, and Hungary but also in the Church of England, where Calvin was long at least as highly regarded as among those Puritans who separated from the Anglican establishment.
What did the puritans do in the 1600s?
Puritanism, a religious reform movement in the late 16th and 17th centuries that sought to “purify” the Church of England of remnants of the Roman Catholic “popery” that the Puritans claimed had been retained after the religious settlement reached early in the reign of Queen Elizabeth I.
What is Puritanism According to Mencken?
In 1925, the witty journalist H.L. Mencken offered his concise definition of Puritanism: “The haunting fear that someone, somewhere, may be happy.” One Puritan punishment was putting people in stocks, which meant placing boards around the ankles and/or wrists.
What are some good introductory books on Puritanism?
Puritanism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199740871. Carpenter, John B. (Winter 2003). “New England’s Puritan Century: Three Generations of Continuity in the City upon a Hill”. Fides et Historia. The Conference on Faith and History. 35 (1): 41–58. Cliffe, Trevor (2002). Puritan Gentry Besieged 1650–1700. Routledge.
What is Puritanism According to Spurr?
Puritanism “was only the mirror image of anti-puritanism and to a considerable extent its invention: a stigma, with great power to distract and distort historical memory.” Historian John Spurr writes that Puritans were defined by their relationships with their surroundings, especially with the Church of England.