Where did El Salvador originate?
The history of El Salvador begins with several Mesoamerican nations, especially the Cuzcatlecs, as well as the Lenca and Maya. In the early 16th century, the Spanish Empire conquered the territory, incorporating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain ruled from Mexico City.
When did El Salvador became a country?
September 15, 1821El Salvador / Founded
What historical events happened in El Salvador?
1524 – Spanish adventurer Pedro de Alvarado conquers El Salvador. 1540 – Indigenous resistance finally crushed and El Salvador becomes a Spanish colony. 1821 – El Salvador gains independence from Spain. Conflict ensues over territory’s incorporation into Mexican empire under Creole general Agustin de Iturbide.
What are some historical facts about El Salvador?
It is the oldest and most long-standing capital in Central America. In 1524, Pedro de Alvarado invaded El Salvador and founded San Salvador. Alvarado was a Spanish conquistador sent by Hernán Cortés from Mexico. El Salvador remained a Spanish colony for about 300 years.
What happened in El Salvador 1840?
Independence. 1840 – El Salvador becomes fully independent following the dissolution of the United Provinces of Central America.
Who first discovered El Salvador?
The Spanish conquest and colonization of El Salvador began in 1524 with the arrival of an expedition from Guatemala led by Pedro de Alvarado.
When was El Salvador’s civil war?
October 15, 1979 – January 16, 1992Salvadoran Civil War / Period
What is El Salvador’s art?
Graffiti, stencil, sticker, and poster art, and temporary sculptures are all part of San Salvador’s street art scene, with themes of pieces touching on topics as diverse as anti-capitalist sentiment, social justice, political history, women’s and…
How many people died in El Salvador’s civil war?
Over 75,000 civilians died at the hands of government forces during the civil war in El Salvador (1980-1992).
How did the civil war in El Salvador end?
The peace agreement officially ended the civil war and mandated a major reduction of the country’s armed forces, the dissolution and disarming of guerrilla units, the creation of a new civilian police force (Policía Nacional Civil; PNC), and the establishment of a commission to investigate human rights abuses of the …
Did El Salvador use child soldiers?
During the civil war, children were forcibly recruited into the armed forces, notably from poor suburbs and in the rural areas. It has been estimated that 80 per cent of troops were under 18 years of age.
Who did the US support in the El Salvador civil war?
The Salvadoran government was considered an ally of the U.S. in the context of the Cold War. During the Carter and Reagan administrations, the US provided 1 to 2 million dollars per day in economic aid to the Salvadoran government. The US also provided significant training and equipment to the military.