What is HMP pathway?

What is HMP pathway?

The hexose monophosphate shunt, also known as the pentose phosphate pathway, is a unique pathway used to create products essential in the body for many reasons. The HMP shunt is an alternative pathway to glycolysis and is used to produce ribose-5-phosphate and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH).

How is HMP pathway regulated?

The regulation of the pentose phosphate pathway is at the level of its first enzyme, namely, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, which is controlled by the redox state of the NADP couple, NADPH having a powerful feedback inhibition on this enzyme.

Which enzyme is used in HMP pathway?

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase is the rate-controlling enzyme of this pathway.

Why HMP pathway is important?

Why HMP pathway is called shunt?

This pathway is also called the oxidative pentose pathway and the hexose monophosphate shunt. It has been called the latter because it involves some reactions of the glycolytic pathway and therefore has been viewed as a shunt of glycolysis. It exists in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

How many ATP are produced in HMP pathway?

The HMP pathway does not require ATP and produces only one mole of ATP in the formation of pyruvate.

Why HMP is called shunt?

What is significance of HMP?

The HMP shunt plays a significant role in NADPH2 formation and in pentose sugars that are biosynthetic precursors of nucleic acids and amino acids. Cells can be protected from highly reactive oxygen species by NADPH 2 . Deficiency in the hexose monophosphate pathway is linked to numerous disorders.

Who discovered HMP pathway?

Option B: Hexose Monophosphate Pathway (HMP) is an alternative pathway of glucose breakdown found in animal tissues like the liver, mammary glands, adrenal cortex, leucocytes, and in many plant tissues. This pathway was first discovered by Warburg et. al. (1953) and Dickens (1938).

What are the functions of HMP?

What is location of HMP pathway?

The hexose monophosphate shunt (HMP) is also called the pentose phosphate pathway. It occurs in the cytoplasm and is a major source of NADPH and 5-carbon sugars.