What is the attachment bond theory?
attachment theory, in developmental psychology, the theory that humans are born with a need to form a close emotional bond with a caregiver and that such a bond will develop during the first six months of a child’s life if the caregiver is appropriately responsive.
How did Ainsworth study types of attachment?
Ainsworth’s Strange Situation (1970) used structured observational research to assess & measure the quality of attachment. It has 8 pre-determined stages, including the mother leaving the child, for a short while, to play with available toys in the presence of a stranger & alone and the mother returning to the child.
What are the stages of attachment theory?
Bowlby specified four phases of child-caregiver attachment development: 0-3 months, 3-6 months, 6 months to 3 years, and 3 years through the end of childhood. Expanding on Bowlby’s ideas, Mary Ainsworth pointed to three attachment patterns: secure attachment, avoidant attachment, and resistant attachment.
What is Mary Ainsworth best known for?
Mary Dinsmore Ainsworth (née Salter; December 1, 1913 – March 21, 1999) was an American-Canadian developmental psychologist known for her work in the development of the attachment theory. She designed the strange situation procedure to observe early emotional attachment between a child and its primary caregiver.
Who influenced Mary Ainsworth?
At age 15 she read Character and the Conduct of Life (1927), by the American psychologist William McDougall, which inspired her to study psychology.
Why is Mary Ainsworth important?
Mary Ainsworth was a developmental psychologist who conducted groundbreaking research on attachment theory. She is best known for her “strange situation” experiment, which helped identify the different types of attachment between children and their caregivers.
Who created attachment theory?
The origins of attachment theory: John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth.
Who is the father of attachment theory?
John Bowlby established attachment theory in the 1950s and 1960s as an addition to psychoanalytic theory. Attachment theory is a secure base from which to explore close relationships that can accommodate an extensive variability of methods and findings.
Who founded attachment theory?
What are the key components of Monotropy?
Monotropy is the concept that infants have an innate and inborn capacity to attach primarily to a single caregiver or attachment figure. This concept was proposed by John Bowlby and is a component of attachment theory.
What are the main components of attachment theory?
There are four basic characteristics that basically give us a clear view of what attachment really is. They include a safe heaven, a secure base, proximity maintenance and separation distress. These four attributes are very evident in the relationship between a child and his caregiver.