What are the differential diagnosis of jaundice?
The hemolytic blood dyscrasias, such as hemolytic jaundice, pernicious anemia, sickle cell anemia, paroxysmal hemoglobinuria, etc., must be differentiated. The hemolytic fevers, malaria, hemolytic septicemia, drugs such as phenylhydrazine, and transfusion reactions with hemolysis may cause mild degrees of jaundice.
What can cause mechanical jaundice?
What Causes Obstructive Jaundice?
- Pancreatic cancer, when it occurs near the tube connecting the pancreas to the intestines.
- Swelling of lymph glands near the bile duct.
- Pancreatic cysts.
- Other pancreatic duct obstructions such as scarring.
Which marker is used for the differential diagnosis of obstructive jaundice?
For the patients with obstructive jaundice, accurate differential diagnosis is the most important step before further treatments. The serum CA19-9 is a widely used marker to help the differential diagnosis of the MOJ and BOJ6.
What is mechanical jaundice?
yellowness of skin, sclerae, mucous membranes, and excretions due to hyperbilirubinemia and deposition of bile pigments. It is usually first noticeable in the eyes, although it may come on so gradually that it is not immediately noticed by those in daily contact with the jaundiced person. Called also icterus.
What is the differential diagnosis for jaundice in a newborn?
Differential Diagnosis of Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia G6PD = glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase; TORCH = toxoplasmosis, other viruses, rubella, cytomegaloviruses, herpes (simplex) viruses.
What is the difference between physiological jaundice and pathological jaundice?
 In most cases, it is a mild, transient, and self-limiting condition and resolves without treatment referred to as “physiological jaundice.” However, it is imperative to distinguish this from a more severe form called “pathological jaundice.” Failure to identify and treat this entity may result in bilirubin …
How can you tell the difference between medical and surgical jaundice?
Obstructive or surgical jaundice is different from medical jaundice. Patients with medical jaundice will have yellowing of the skin, without dark urine or light-coloured stools. Medical jaundice can be related to: Hepatocellular jaundice – caused by a liver condition such as hepatitis and liver cirrhosis; and.
How is pathological jaundice diagnosed?
In most cases, a bilirubinometer is used to check for jaundice in babies. Blood tests are usually only necessary if your baby developed jaundice within 24 hours of birth or the reading is particularly high. The level of bilirubin detected in your baby’s blood is used to decide whether any treatment is needed.
Whats the difference between physiologic and pathologic?
Physiology is a field of study that explains the various biological mechanisms that operate within an organism. Pathology is another discipline that explores conditions associated with a disease.
What is the difference between pathological and physiological jaundice?
In most cases, it is a mild, transient, and self-limiting condition and is referred to as “physiological Jaundice.” However, it is imperative to distinguish this from a more severe form called “pathological Jaundice.” Failure to identify and treat this entity may result in bilirubin encephalopathy and associated …