What are 3 most common head injuries?
Common head injuries include concussions, skull fractures, and scalp wounds. The consequences and treatments vary greatly, depending on what caused your head injury and how severe it is.
How do you assess a patient with a head injury?
Assessment of the head injury patient should include airway, cervical spine protection, breathing, circulation, and haemorrhage control followed by the GCS. The GCS score should be used in the assessment of all patients with head injury by trained healthcare providers.
Which of the following is a traumatic brain injury in Mcq?
A concussion is caused by a blow or jolt to the head. It is also called a traumatic brain injury. Find out more about concussions by taking this quiz.
What are the four types of head injuries?
Types of Head Injuries
- Concussion. This is the most common type of head injury.
- Contusion. A bruise on the actual brain itself is called a contusion.
- Intracranial hematoma (ICH). This is bleeding under the skull in the brain that forms a clot.
- Skull fracture. Sometimes, a broken skull bone can affect the brain.
What is the first aid for head injury?
Apply firm pressure to the wound with sterile gauze or a clean cloth. But don’t apply direct pressure to the wound if you suspect a skull fracture. Watch for changes in breathing and alertness. If the person shows no signs of circulation — no breathing, coughing or movement — begin CPR.
What are 3 signs of a head injury?
What are the symptoms of a head injury?
- Raised, swollen area from a bump or a bruise.
- Small, superficial (shallow) cut in the scalp.
- Sensitivity to noise and light.
- Lightheadedness and/or dizziness.
- Problems with balance.
What should you monitor after a head injury?
Signs of a brain injury after a head injury include:
- unconsciousness – either brief (concussion) or for a longer period of time.
- fits or seizures.
- problems with the senses – such as hearing loss or double vision.
- repeated vomiting.
- blood or clear fluid coming from the ears or nose.
- memory loss (amnesia)
What is a normal ICP?
For the purpose of this article, normal adult ICP is defined as 5 to 15 mm Hg (7.5–20 cm H2O). ICP values of 20 to 30 mm Hg represent mild intracranial hypertension; however, when a temporal mass lesion is present, herniation can occur with ICP values less than 20 mm Hg .
What type of injury is a concussion?
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury—or TBI—caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth.
Which bandage is used for head injury?
If a wound only affects the forehead, put a square of sterile gauze pad over the wound. Then wrap a sterile gauze bandage around the head, “sweatband” style.
What are 5 signs & symptoms of a traumatic head or brain injury?
Moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries
- Loss of consciousness from several minutes to hours.
- Persistent headache or headache that worsens.
- Repeated vomiting or nausea.
- Convulsions or seizures.
- Dilation of one or both pupils of the eyes.
- Clear fluids draining from the nose or ears.
- Inability to awaken from sleep.
What is Decerebrate posturing?
Decerebrate posture is an abnormal body posture that involves the arms and legs being held straight out, the toes being pointed downward, and the head and neck being arched backward. The muscles are tightened and held rigidly. This type of posturing usually means there has been severe damage to the brain.