What type of cancer is seminoma?
Seminoma: This is a slow-growing form of testicular cancer found in men in their 40s and 50s. The cancer is in the testes, but it can spread to the lymph nodes. Lymph node involvement is either treated with radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Seminomas are very sensitive to radiation therapy.
What is the prognosis for seminoma?
The 3-year survival rate for patients diagnosed with typical testicular seminoma was 100%, 93.8% for cases with testicular seminoma combined with embryonal carcinoma, and 84.6% for those with testicular seminoma combined with embryonal carcinoma and teratoma.
What does seminoma mean?
(SEH-mih-NOH-muh) A type of cancer that begins in germ cells in males. Germ cells are cells that form sperm in males or eggs in females. Seminomas occur most often in the testicle, but they may also occur in other areas of the body, such as the brain, chest, or abdomen. Seminomas tend to grow and spread slowly.
How long does testicular surgery take?
The operation normally takes about 30 minutes. The surgeon makes a cut in the groin and cuts the spermatic cord to remove the testicle. They might also remove nearby lymph nodes.
What causes seminoma?
Later in development, germ cells in males are supposed to mature into sperm-producing cells within the testicles. If the germ cells don’t mature as they are supposed to, they can sometimes change and multiply uncontrollably to form a seminoma or non-seminoma.
Is removing a testicle major surgery?
You will need to have an operation to remove a testicle if tests show that it is likely you have testicular cancer. This surgery is called an orchidectomy or orchiectomy. It is a short operation.
Is testicle removal surgery painful?
Most men will have discomfort requiring pain medicine for 1-2 weeks. After this time, the pain usually diminishes considerably, although there may be certain times of day when discomfort is worse. Many men experience the greatest discomfort when sitting or at night. A dull ache or soreness is common for 6-8 weeks.
How often does seminoma come back?
Most recurrences occur within 12 months after diagnosis, and the location of the recurrence is typically in the retroperitoneum. Recurrences of stage I seminoma can almost always be cured with radiation therapy, although a few patients will need chemotherapy. Surveillance.