# Can non-inferiority trials show superiority?

## Can non-inferiority trials show superiority?

In a non-inferiority trial, the focus is on the lower bound margin, what happens at the upper end is not of primary concern in this type of trial design. One can also declare superiority in a non-inferiority trial if the lower limit of CI of the new treatment is above the non-inferiority margin and above zero.

A superiority trial is designed to detect a difference between treatments. The first step of the analysis is usually a test of statistical significance to evaluate whether the results of the trial are consistent with the assumption of there being no difference in the clinical effect of the two treatments.

What is the main advantage of non-inferiority trials when testing a new drug?

Non-inferiority clinical trials are being performed with an increasing frequency now-a-days, because it helps in finding a new treatment that have approximately the same efficacy, but may offer other benefits such as better safety profile.

What is non-inferiority or superiority of something?

A non-inferiority trial is to show that treatment A is not worse than the treatment B. Although these kinds of trials are not used to establish better treatment efficacy, the new method may have advantages over current methods in other aspects.

### What is a non superiority trial?

Introduction. Unlike superiority trials that are designed to show that one treatment is better than another, a non-inferiority trial is designed to show that a new treatment is ‘not unacceptably worse’ than the current standard therapy.

### What is superiority hypothesis?

Hypothesis and error A superiority trial investigates whether NIis better than active control (AC) or placebo by a specified margin (Δ). The null and alternative hypothesis for superiority trials are H0:μNI- μAC≤Δ and H1:μNT- μAC>Δ, respectively. However, in practice, a superiority trial is a two-step NHST process.

What’s the difference between superiority complex and inferiority complex?

A superiority complex is an exaggerated sense of self-worth. It hides real feelings of mediocrity. An inferiority complex is an overstated feeling of weakness. It often hides true motives, such as aspirations for power.

What is the purpose of a non-inferiority trial?

A study that tests whether a new treatment is not worse than an active treatment it is being compared to. Non-inferiority trials are sometimes done when a placebo (an inactive treatment) cannot be used.

#### How do you interpret non-inferiority trial results?

The calculated CI does not know whether its purpose is to judge superiority or non-inferiority. If it sits wholly above zero, then it has shown superiority. If it sits wholly above -Δ, then it has shown non-inferiority. A non-inferiority trial can have five possible types of outcomes as depicted in Figure 2.

#### What is non-inferiority trial?

in-FEER-ee-OR-ih-tee TRY-ul) A study that tests whether a new treatment is not worse than an active treatment it is being compared to. Non-inferiority trials are sometimes done when a placebo (an inactive treatment) cannot be used.

How can you differentiate between superiority and non-inferiority clinical trial?

In comparison studies with a current therapy, non-inferiority is used to demonstrate that the new therapy provides at least the same benefit to the patient. Superiority trials are always used when comparisons are made to placebo or vehicle treatments.

What is a non-inferiority trial?

## What is superiority and inferiority?

Inferiority complex is the feeling of worthlessness by an individual. • Superiority Complex refers to a sense of superiority that a person feels in comparison to others. • A person who has an inferiority complex doubts his abilities whereas a person who has a superiority complex is overly confident of himself.

## What is the difference between a non inferiority trial and a superiority trial?

Can you have both superiority and inferiority complex?

Ada Kahn has argued that the superiority and inferiority complexes cannot both be found in the same individual, since an individual with a superiority complex truly believes that they are superior to others.

What is the null hypothesis in a non-inferiority trial?

The null hypothesis in non-inferiority trials is that new treatment is inferior to standard treatment. The alternative hypothesis is the new treatment is non-inferior to standard treatment.

### Why use a non-inferiority trial?

Non-inferiority trials are sometimes done when a placebo (an inactive treatment) cannot be used. These trials may show that a new treatment (such as a drug) is not worse than the active treatment being compared, and it may be safer and easier to take or cause fewer side effects.

### What is superiority vs inferiority?

Inferiority complex is the feeling of worthlessness by an individual. Superiority Complex refers to a sense of superiority that a person feels in comparison to others. A person who has an inferiority complex doubts his abilities whereas a person who has a superiority complex is overly confident of himself.

What is the difference between a non-inferiority trial and a superiority trial?